Our neurologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of seizures (also referred to as epileptic events). At the time of diagnosis, it is very helpful include the observations of family member/friends who witnessed seizure. There different types of epilepsy:
- A Grand Mal seizure, described as a loss of consciousness and violent muscle contractions, is caused by abnormal electrical activity throughout the brain. Epilepsy is the cause of most Grand Mal seizures; but not always. Medical conditions such as extremely low blood sugar, high fever and sleep deprivation can cause a seizure.
- Reflex epilepsy is caused by bright blinking lights
- Absence seizures (referred to as starring out into space)
- Pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy(begins in infancy or, in some cases, before birth)
- Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) – diagnosed in 1- 4% of all childhood epilepsy cases and presents with frequent seizures and many emotional and physical needs
At our office we utilize best-in-care practices. In addition to anti-seizure medication, the Vagus Nerve Stimulator (VNS) helps to prevent and shorten a seizure. It is also used to treat seizure clusters and associated auras. This small device is implanted under the skin like a pacemaker near the collarbone. The VNS device emits a mild impulse of electrical energy to the brain by way of the vagus nerve. VNS therapy can prevent or shorten a seizure.
Dr. Lisa McGuire, board-certified Pediatric Neurologist talks about epilepsy.
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